Spokane County All-Hazard Mitigation Plan
Utilizing community partnerships and planning, reduce the vulnerability to natural hazards in order to protect the health, safety, welfare, environment and economy of the greater Spokane area within Spokane County.
Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan Steering Committee Ground Rules
The update process was overseen by a Steering Committee made up of stakeholders from within the planning area. This Steering Committee met regularly at the City of Spokane Fire Training Center – 1618 N. Rebecca St., and such meetings were open to the public. Comments or questions regarding this process were encouraged and directed to the Project Manager Gerry Bozarth.
Frequently Asked Questions
Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning
Question: What is the Disaster mitigation Act of 2000?
Answer: The federal Disaster Mitigation Act (DMA) of 2000 (Public Law 106-390), commonly known as the 2000 Stafford Act amendments, was approved by Congress on October 10, 2000. This act required state and local governments to develop hazard mitigation plans as a condition for federal grant assistance. Among other things, this legislation reinforces the importance of pre-disaster infrastructure mitigation planning to reduce disaster losses nationwide. DMA 2000 is aimed primarily at the control and streamlining of the administration of federal disaster relief and programs to promote mitigation activities. Prior to 2000, federal legislation provided funding for disaster relief, recovery, and some hazard mitigation planning. The DMA improves upon the planning process by emphasizing the importance of communities planning for disasters before they occur.
Question: What is a Local Hazard Mitigation Plan?
Answer: A Local Hazard mitigation Plan is prepared by local governments in response to the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (Public Law 106-390). These plans act as a keyway to federal funding afforded under the Robert T. Stafford Act. These plans meet statutory requirements that include:
- Organizing resources
- Assessing Risk
- Engaging the public
- Identifying Goals and Objectives
- Identifying actions
- Developing plan maintenance and implementation strategies
Question: What is meant by "mitigation"?
Answer: Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to permanently eliminate or reduce long-term risks to human life and property from natural hazards. Sustained action means an action that is long term in its impact. This is an essential component of emergency management, along with preparedness, response and recovery. Disasters can have significant impacts on communities. They can destroy or damage life, property and infrastructure, local economies, and the environment.
Question: Who was involved?
Answer: The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 has defined a “local government” as: Any county, municipality, city, town, public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; any Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or Alaska Native village or organization; and any rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity Any local government wishing to pursue funding afforded under FEMA Hazard Mitigation Grant Programs must have an approved hazard mitigation plan in order to be eligible to apply for these funds.
See the full list of plan participants in Volume 2 of the Spokane County All-Hazards Mitigation Plan.
Question: What is a Steering Committee?
Answer: A committee made up of elected stakeholder representatives from within the planning area will oversee this plan update process. This committee makeup includes the following representation:
- State Emergency Management
- County Emergency Management
- Municipal planning partners
- Special District planning partners
- Business interests
The Steering Committee will meet regularly throughout this process and provide direction and guidance to the planning team on implementation of the scope of work for this process. The Steering Committee will determine the goals and objectives for the plan, the public involvement strategy, review the risk assessment and provide input to the planning team on the assembly of the plan. All Steering Committee meetings are open to the public and the dates and times of these meeting are posted on the Hazard Mitigation Plan website.
Question: What hazards does it address?
Answer: This plan will address the natural hazards of concern that could impact the Spokane County planning area, as well as a number of man-made and technological hazards of concern. This may include hazards such as:
- Dam Failure
- Landslide (Mass movements)
- Severe Weather
This plan will not address all non-natural or human caused hazards. It should also be noted that there are many secondary hazards that are directly attributable to these primary hazards that will be addressed by the plan as part of the analysis of the primary hazard of concern.
Question: Will Global Warming/Climate Change be addressed in the Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan?
Answer: Yes. Climate change will not be viewed as a stand alone hazard in this plan. But there will be detailed discussion of the potential impact of climate change on all 6 hazards of concern.
Question: Does the State of Washington have a State Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan?
Answer: Yes. The State of Washington is also required to respond to the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000. In fact, if the state does not have a plan, no local governments within the state are eligible for any of the programs these plan’s act as the keyway to. By law, the local plans are to be consistent with the recommendations of the state plan.
Question: How does it affect me?
Answer: As a citizen within a participating jurisdiction, you will be able to reap the benefits of the risk reduction actions identified by your local government. Sometimes these can be a direct impact to your property in the form of reduced insurance premiums and reduced risk if you live in a high hazard area. Most of the time, these benefits are secondary. By reducing risk exposure, your local government does not have to expend as many resources on preparedness, response or recovery from the impacts of natural hazards.
Question: How will it affect my community?
Answer: By participating in this planning effort and adopting the updated plan, your community will be eligible to pursue funding under any of the 5 FEMA hazard mitigation grant programs, as well as potential other grant opportunities. These programs provide millions of dollars worth of grant funding annually for risk reduction measures identified in these plans. It should be noted that not all eligible local governments within the Spokane County planning area will be participating in this planning effort. You are encouraged to contact your community officials to determine your community’s eligibility under these programs. Additionally, if your community participates in FEMA’s Community Rating System (CRS) program, this plan may have direct impact on reducing the cost of flood insurance within your community.
Question: What is the Community Rating System?
Answer: The National Flood Insurance Program's (NFIP) Community Rating System (CRS) is a voluntary incentive program that recognizes and encourages community floodplain management activities that exceed the minimum NFIP requirements. As a result, flood insurance premium rates are discounted to reflect the reduced flood risk resulting from the community actions meeting the three goals of the CRS:
- Reduce flood losses;
- Facilitate accurate insurance rating; and
- Promote the awareness of flood insurance.
For CRS participating communities, flood insurance premium rates are discounted in increments of 5%; i.e., a Class 1 community would receive a 45% premium discount, while a Class 9 community would receive a 5% discount (a Class 10 is not participating in the CRS and receives no discount). The CRS classes for local communities are based on 18 creditable activities, organized under four categories:
- Public Information,
- Mapping and Regulations,
- Flood Damage Reduction, and
- Flood Preparedness.
Question: What if my jurisdiction isn’t a part of the Multi-jurisdictional Hazard Mitigation planning process?
Answer: If your community is not covered by a local hazard mitigation plan, they have two options.
- Option #1- They can link to the Spokane County Hazard Mitigation Plan by following the “linkage” procedures included in this plan.
- Option #2- Prepare a single jurisdiction plan that meets the requirements for that jurisdiction.
Question: Did it cost anything to produce this plan?
Answer: Seventy five percent of the cost associated with the preparation of this plan was provided by a FEMA Hazard Mitigation Planning grant. The remaining 25% of the cost is an “in-kind” contribution from the Steering committee, planning team and the planning partners this plan will cover. “In-kind” contribution means non-monetary contributions such as: staff time, facilities, printing cost, etc.
Question: Where are the hazards in my area?
Answer: By law, this planning effort must map the extent and location of all hazards of concern utilizing the best available data and science. This planning effort has identified the natural hazards that have the potential to impact the planning area. See the potential hazards within the plan and specifically within the annex to the city, town, or unincorporated area in which you live.
Question: Who can I contact for questions?
Greater Spokane Emergency Management
Gerry Bozarth, Mitigation & Recovery Manager