FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) is the federal agency that leads emergency response for our nation.
In FEMA's National Preparedness Goal document, they have identified five mission areas surrounding emergency management response during a crisis.
Emergency management agencies around the country follow the national model for their programs.
The five mission areas and their focus are as follows:
Preventing, avoiding, or stopping a threatened or an actual act of terrorism.
Protecting our citizens, residents, visitors, and assets against the greatest threats and hazards in a manner that allows our interests, aspirations, and way of life to thrive.
(meaning lessen, reduce, diminish, alleviate, etc.) Mitigating the loss of life and property by lessening the impact of future disasters.
Responding quickly to save lives, protect property and the environment, and meet basic human needs in the aftermath of a catastrophic incident.
Recovering through a focus on the timely restoration, strengthening, and revitalization of infrastructure, housing, and a sustainable economy, as well as the health, social, cultural, historic, and environmental fabric of communities affected by a catastrophic incident.